Vladimir Horowitz in Concert at Carnegie Hall, 1978
Rachmaninoff Piano Concerto No. 3
Pencil on paper, 35 x 28 cm
Private collection, New York
10. Yehudi Menuhin conducting at the Paris Opéra, 1993
Bartók Concerto for Orchestra
Pencil on paper, 35 x 28 cm
Private collection, Switzerland
© Stanley Roseman and Ronald Davis - All Rights Reserved
Visual imagery and website content may not be reproduced in any form whatsoever.
Page 10 - Music
Biography: Page 10
Drawing by Stanley Roseman, “Vladimir Horowitz in Concert at Carnegie Hall,’’ 1978, pencil on paper, Private collection. © Stanley Roseman
     A prolific draughtsman, Roseman employs a variety of drawing materials with great versatility. Here, the artist drew the portrait of Birgit Nilsson with brush, bistre ink, and wash. Roseman delineates with the tip of his brush the dramatic soprano's distinctive, facial features; calligraphic brushstrokes render her flowing, brown hair. The immediacy of expression in the drawing goes beyond the theatrical personage on stage to reveal the individual.
     The distinguished musicologist and author Hans Åstrand, Permanent Secretary of the Royal Academy of Music, writes in correspondence with Davis, who introduced his colleague's work to the Royal Academy:
"Our portrait gallery seems to be exactly the right place for the fine portrait of Birgit Nilsson, and we consider it an honor to integrate it into our collection.''
- Hans Åstrand, Permanent Secretary
  Royal Academy of Music, Stockholm
4. Birgit Nilsson, 1974
Metropolitan Opera
Brush, bistre ink, and wash, 40 x 30 cm
Royal Academy of Music,
    During five years at the Metropolitan Opera, Roseman drew the Swedish soprano in her acclaimed role as Brünnhilde in Wagner's Götterdämmerung, (fig. 4). The Met's production of Götterdämmerung in the 1973-74 season completed the Der Ring des Nibelungen cycle for the first presentations of the Ring at the new Metropolitan Opera House, Lincoln Center.
Royal Academy of Music, Stockholm
© Stanley Roseman
© Stanley Roseman
     The Bibliothèque Nationale de France acquired in 1982 a suite of Roseman's drawings from the Metropolitan Opera, New York City Opera, and the Bolshoi Opera's American premiere. Two of the artist's splendid drawings are from the Bolshoi Opera's famous production of Mussorgsky's Boris Godunov, based on the tragedy by Pushkin.
     An enthusiastic letter from the Bibliothèque National de France states in acquiring the Roseman drawings:
"Ils sont splendides!''
- Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Drawing by Stanley Roseman, “Yevgeni Nesterenko,’’ 1975, Bolshoi Opera, pencil on paper, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris. © Stanley Roseman
     Depicting Nesterenko as Boris Godunov, Roseman draws with strong, dark, pencil strokes to express physiognomy and heighten the dramatic intensity of the commanding, bearded Tsar seen here in three-quarter profile and wearing an elaborately jewelled robe and fur-trimmed crown surmounted by a cross.
5. Yevgeni Nesterenko, 1975
Bolshoi Opera
Boris Godunov
Pencil on paper, 35 x 25 cm
Bibliothèque Nationale de France,
     The Bolshoi Opera drawings depict bass Yevgeni Nesterenko in the title role as the tormented Tsar, (fig. 5), and tenor Georgi Andriushchenko as the sly Prince Shuisky, a long-bearded figure clothed in a fur-collared overcoat.
Drawings on the Dance from New York to Paris
MUSIC has been an important part of Roseman's work from the outset of his career in New York in the early 1970's. In his youth, Roseman enjoyed a close relationship with his father, who greatly encouraged his young son's natural talents in art and desire to become an artist. Bernard Roseman, an avid opera-, theater-, and concert-goer took his son to the opera; theatre, including Broadway musicals; and ballet and modern dance, as well as to concerts - exciting worlds that were to inspire the artist in the creation of his paintings and drawings.
Vladimir Horowitz - 50th Anniversary Concert at Carnegie Hall
     The gala occasion of the return of Vladimir Horowitz to the concert stage in January 1978 after an absence of twenty-five years was a momentous event in the music world.
     The headline in Time magazine exclaims: "High Note - Horowitz is still the world's most exciting pianist.'' The reportage went on to say: "At 73, Vladimir Horowitz seems to be as brilliant as when he first played the U. S. exactly 50 years ago. Last week in New York, the famed Ukrainian-born virtuoso celebrated the anniversary of that debut with some of the most electrifying music-making ever heard at Carnegie Hall, a hall that has had its share of excitement over the years.''
     Invited to draw Horowitz for that eventful 50th anniversary, Roseman created a suite of superb drawings that vividly capture the renowned virtuoso playing Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 3. The drawing presented at the top of the page and below, (fig. 2), depicts with swift, sure strokes of the pencil what Time describes as Horowitz's "lightning-fast chord sequences,'' and "cascades of notes.'' Roseman recounts in his journal:
    "For the final orchestra rehearsal on January 6th, the front section of the auditorium had been roped off with only the back of the auditorium available for administration, dignitaries, and guests. I had attended concerts at Carnegie Hall since my youth when I was taken there by my father and was familiar with that famous concert hall filled to capacity with concert-goers. Thus I felt honored to be ushered down front, close to the stage, from where I could best see Horowitz at the keyboard and, in the darkened auditorium, have sufficient light coming from the stage by which to draw.''
    "Horowitz played Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 3 accompanied by the New York Philharmonic conducted by Eugene Ormandy. Horowitz had a unique association with that celebrated, piano concerto as the composer himself had praised the pianist's brilliant interpretation.
Drawing by Stanley Roseman, “Vladimir Horowitz in Concert at Carnegie Hall,’’ 1978, pencil on paper, Private collection. © Stanley Roseman
2. Vladimir Horowitz in Concert
at Carnegie Hall
, 1978
Rachmaninoff Piano Concerto No. 3
Pencil on paper, 35 x 28 cm
Private collection, New York
    "Vladimir Horowitz was a most wonderful subject to draw - a tall, striking figure with distinctive, facial features underscored by his signature bow tie, which he always wore for his appearances on stage.
    "It was an extraordinary experience to be seated virtually alone down front in the auditorium of Carnegie Hall and to be drawing Horowitz on stage as the virtuoso pianist and the celebrated symphony orchestra surrounded me with glorious music.''
     Time Magazine published the drawing presented below, (fig. 3), from Roseman's suite of drawings of Horowitz in concert at Carnegie Hall. Rarely had Time published a drawing in place of a photograph for the Magazine's coverage of important news events.
Time Magazine
     An intense concentration is seen on the pianist's face rendered in subtle tones of the graphite pencil. In this impressive drawing, Horowitz sits with his torso erect, his arms and hands forming the base to the pyramidal composition, the pianist's fingers moving in delicate flight over the keyboard.
3. Vladimir Horowitz in Concert at Carnegie Hall, 1978
Rachmaninoff Piano Concerto No. 3
Pencil on paper, 35 x 28 cm
Collection of the artist
     Time Magazine placed the Roseman drawing at the top of the page with the caption "Drawing of Horowitz playing at Carnegie Hall'' and the credit "Drawing by Stanley Roseman.'' The drawing was the only picture of the pianist at the keyboard in the Time reportage. An accompanying black and white photograph shows Horowitz and Ormandy standing together and sharing a bow with members of the New York Philharmonic.
     Time concludes its laudatory reportage of that acclaimed 50th anniversary concert: "When it was over, the audience, which had greeted Horowitz with a standing ovation, was back on its feet, filling the air with bravos.''
     Roseman's portraits of prominent personalities in the field of music include the eminent Pulitzer Prize winning American composer Virgil Thomson, who sat for the artist at the composer's apartment in the landmark Chelsea Hotel in New York City in 1972. Thomson requested that the portrait be exhibited at Carnegie Hall on the occasion of his eightieth birthday and the New York premiere on December 26, 1976 of his Symphony No. 3, performed by the American Symphony Orchestra, whose press release praises the portrait as "a magnificent painting of the composer." The portrait of Virgil Thomson is featured on the website page "Biography," Page 7 - "Portraits," along with excerpts from the artist's journal in which he recounts painting the composer's portrait.
     The prestigious Royal Academy of Music, Stockholm, founded in 1771, conserves Roseman's "fine portrait of Birgit Nilsson,'' revered as the greatest Wagnerian soprano of her time. Roseman began an extensive work on the performing arts in 1972 with a gracious invitation from Francis Robinson, the Assistant General Manager of the Metropolitan Opera, Lincoln Center, New York City.
     The portrait Birgit Nilsson was included in the American bicentennial exhibition Stanley Roseman - The Performing Arts in America, which comprised the artist's work from opera, theatre, dance, and the circus. The exhibition, produced by Ronald Davis, toured the United States from December 1975 through 1976 and concluded at the Library and Museum for the Performing Arts, Lincoln Center, winter-spring 1977. Following the exhibition, the Nilsson portrait entered the collection of the Royal Academy of Music.
 "The Academy wishes to express its gratitude for this valuable addition to its gallery of
famous Swedish artists and personalities in the field of music. . . .

     Having began drawing at the Metropolitan Opera in 1972, Roseman was invited that same year to draw at the New York City Opera and the following year, at the Lyric Opera of Chicago. His ongoing work at the opera included an equally gracious invitation from the Bolshoi Opera on the historic occasion of the company's American premiere in 1975 at the Metropolitan Opera House. A selection of drawings on opera are presented on the website Page 2 - "World of Shakespeare," and Page 3 - "The Performing Arts in America Exhibition."
Drawings on Opera
Drawing by Stanley Roseman, “Vladimir Horowitz in Concert at Carnegie Hall,’’ 1978, pencil on paper, Collection of the artist. © Stanley Roseman
     Roseman drew at dress rehearsals and performances from the front of the auditorium and from the wings of the stage and had the wonderful opportunity to create drawings of celebrated singers of different nationalities in diverse and exciting opera repertories.
© Stanley Roseman
Drawing by Stanley Roseman, "Fray Javier singing the Psalms,” 1998, Santo Domingo de Silos, Spain, chalks on paper, Private collection, Switzerland. © Stanley Roseman.
Drawing by Stanley Roseman, "Brother Florian playing the Recorder,” 1978, Tyniec Abbey, Poland, chalks on paper, Private collection, Switzerland. © Stanley Roseman.
12. Fray Javier singing the Psalms, 1998
Santo Domingo de Silos, Spain
Chalks on paper,  50 x 35 cm
Collection of the artist
9. Montserrat Caballé in Concert at the Paris Opéra, 1993
Pencil on paper, 35 x 28 cm
Private collection
Painting by Stanley Roseman, “Christophe playing the Accordion,” Paris, 1995, oil on canvas, Collection of the artist. © Stanley Roseman
The Invention of Musical Notation by an eleventh-century Benedictine Monk
     Music is integral to monastic life from the ancient observance of chanting the Psalms at the Divine Office. Roseman's studies of monasticism led him to write a text on monastic life and his work in the monasteries to accompany his paintings and drawings.[5] In his text the artist cites monastic contributions in the development of Western civilization.
    "Among the important monastic contributions made in the field of music is the invention of staff notation by the eleventh-century Benedictine monk Guido of Arezzo, music theorist and author of Micrologus de disciplina artis musicae, a treatise on early polyphony. Guido's system of solmization for a hexachord used the syllables ut, re, mi, fa, sol, la, the opening syllables in rising order of the first six lines of the Vespers hymn Ut queant laxis. This notation was later adapted to the octave with the addition of the syllable ti and the replacement of ut by do for what is the standard musical scale in use today.''[6]
     Roseman drew monks and nuns in choir singing the Psalms as well as members of a community playing musical instruments.
1. Igor Stravinsky, An Autobiography, (London: Calder & Boyars, 1975),  pp. 26, 96, 98.
2. Stanley Roseman, Stanley Roseman and the Dance - Drawings from the Paris Opéra, (Paris: Ronald Davis, 1996), p. 16.
3. Stanley Roseman - Dessins sur la Danse à l'Opéra de Paris (text French and English), (Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale de France, 1996), p. 11.
4. Yehudi Menuhin, Unfinished Journey, (London: Futura Publications Ltd., 1978), p. 222.
5. The Oxford scholar and Benedictine monk Dom Bernard Green read a draft of Roseman's manuscript and wrote in a cordial letter to the artist:     
   "You portray the background and the aims of life in monasteries so well, showing such a deep understanding of the monastic life.''
6. New Oxford History of Music - Early Medieval Music up to 1300, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978), pp. 279, 291.
7. Ibid., p. 101.
     In this portrait drawing skillfully rendered with luminous highlights and warm shading, Roseman conveys a spiritual intensity on the face of the young, Spanish monk seen here in profile, his head uplifted and eyes closed as he sings the Psalms. (See page "Monastic Journey Continued," Page 8 - "Monasteries in Old Castile."
The Concert Stage
8. Reverie -
Christophe Playing the Accordion
Paris, 1995
Oil on canvas, 120 x 100 cm
Collection of the Artist
Spirit of the Clown
"Using the colors and textures of his oils, he has created paintings
that are both brilliant and moving portraits.''

- Bibliothèque Nationale de France
     In 1993, when Roseman was drawing the dance at the Paris Opéra, two celebrated musicians gave concerts on the illustrious stage of the Palais Garnier: Montserrat Caballé in a recital in April to benefit UNESCO's World Foundation for Research and Prevention of AIDS and Yehudi Menuhin conducting the Philharmonia Hungarica Orchestra in a concert in October to benefit underprivileged children.
     The New York Times titles its superlative review of  Roseman's work on the subject of the clown: "Spirit of the clown,'' and subtitles the review: "Paintings by Stanley Roseman glow with a shiny dignity.''
     Roseman's work from his sojourns with the famous American Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus in the 1970's and early 80's and his return to the subject of the clown in Paris in the 1990's includes depictions of clowns at their music, for clowns and music have a long association in the theater and the circus.
     The French clown Christophe in the painting Reverie - Christophe Playing the Accordion, 1995, (fig. 8), was one of the talented clowns whom Roseman drew at the Ranelagh Theatre's production of Sur la route de Sienne, a fanciful, pantomimic adaptation of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet with the music of Prokofiev and Nino Rota.
     A drawing by Roseman of Christophe in Sur la route de Sienne is conserved in the Musée Ingres, Montauban, which houses an important bequest from the French master Jean-Auguste Dominque Ingres (1780-1867). The museum's Curator and Ingres scholar Georges Vigne praises in letter Roseman's work as "superb.'' (The drawing is presented on "Biography," Page 2 - "World of Shakespeare.")
     Over several evenings after performances, Christophe generously gave of his time to sit for Roseman in his studio. In this magnificent painting the clown wears white-face makeup; a voluminous, burgundy shirt; beige trousers; and a French cap called a gavroche.
     A quality of moonlight illuminates the painting imbued with earth colors of umber and sienna. The artist's chiaroscuro modeling renders the young man's face half in light and half in shadow in this nocturnal composition. Here the viewer participates in the clown's reverie as he sits with eyes closed, absorbed in his music.
     Music is a stimulating force for the dancer and was so for Roseman drawing dancers in Romantic and classical ballets and a comprehensive range of modern dance. During the 1970's in New York City, Roseman was cordially invited to draw at the American Ballet Theatre, New York City Ballet, Martha Graham Dance Company, Dance Theatre of Harlem, Belgium's Béjart Ballet of the XXth Century, National Ballet of Canada, and Britain's Royal Ballet. In 1989, with a prestigious invitation from the Paris Opéra, Roseman took up his paper and pencils again to create an extensive oeuvre on the dance.
     The music to which Roseman drew the dance spans the centuries - from Henry Purcell's suite Abdelazer, 1695, and utilized by José Limón for his modern dance The Moor's Pavanne, based on Shakespeare's Othello, (See "Biography,'' Page 2 - ''World of Shakespeare.''), to Thom Willems' score with synthesizer and percussion for William Forsythe's non-narrative In the Middle, Somewhat Elevated, choreographed in 1987 for the dancers of the Paris Opéra Ballet, and seen here with the drawing of star dancer Wilfried Romoli, (fig. 6).
7. Elisabeth Maurin, 1996
Paris Opéra Ballet - The Nutcracker
Pencil on paper, 38 x 28 cm
Uffizi, Gabinetto Disegni e Stampe, Florence
6. Wilfried Romoli, 1993
Paris Opéra Ballet - In the Middle, Somewhat Elevated
Pencil on paper, 38 x 28 cm
Palais des Beaux-Arts, Lille
Drawing by Stanley Roseman, “Wilfried Romoli,” 1993, Paris Opéra Ballet, “In the Middle, Somewhat Elevated,” pencil on paper, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Lille. © Stanley Roseman
     In writing about his work at the Paris Opéra, Roseman recounts: ''The rehearsal halls and the wings of the Paris Opéra were my studio, and many of the greatest dancers today were the subjects of my drawings. Even with the familiarity of repeated performances, I could not contain the excitement I felt each time I resumed my work. I was inspired by the music and the dance to draw.''[2]
Drawing by Stanley Roseman, “Elisabeth Maurin,” 1996,  Paris Opéra Ballet, "The Nutcracker," Uffizi, Gabinetto Disegni e Stampe, Florence. © Stanley Roseman
     Christophe had studied science and music, but his interests in the circus led him to circus schools in Paris and Grenoble, where he trained as an acrobat, juggler, and clown.
     In a tour de force of draughtsmanship and with a minimum of swift strokes of the pencil, Roseman creates an electrifying image of the male dancer.
     In his autobiography Stravinsky writes about Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky and expresses "my great admiration for the composer'' as well as "my profound admiration for classical ballet.'' Stravinsky eulogizes "the great Russian composer who was the first to bring about the serious recognition of ballet music in general.''[1] 
     A selection of Roseman's drawings on the dance is also presented on "Biography,'' Page 3 - "The Performing Arts in America Exhibition'' and Page 6 - "Drawings from the Paris Opéra.'' To cite here: From the Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna, is the drawing of Mikhail Baryshnikov as Duke Albrecht in the American Ballet Theatre's 1975 production of the great Romantic ballet Giselle, whose memorable score by the French composer Adolphe Adam was innovative in the use of leitmotif to establish musical character identity in ballet. At the Paris Opéra, Bach's Magnificat was utilized by John Neumeier for his ballet by the same name, represented by the drawing in the Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain, Strasbourg, of Nicolas Le Riche taking a thrilling leap. Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring is represented by the drawing in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France of Marie-Claude Pietragalla as the sacrificial maiden in the climax of that iconic work of modern dance.
     At the Benedictine Abbey of Tyniec, in Poland, Roseman drew the present work Brother Florian playing the Recorder, 1978, (fig. 11). In this beautiful drawing, strong, rhythmic strokes of black chalk describing the black habit form a bold abstraction in contrast to the detailed rendering of the monk's face, dark hair and beard, and the monk's hands fingering notes on the recorder. (See "The Monastic Life," Page 4 - "Across the Continent to Austria, Hungary, and Poland.")
11. Brother Florian playing the Recorder, 1978
Tyniec Abbey, Poland
Chalks on paper, 48 x 33 cm
Private collection, Switzerland
     Between the years 1875 and 1891, Tchaikovsky composed Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty, and The Nutcracker. At the Paris Opéra, Roseman drew at performances of all three Tchaikovsky ballets.
     From Santo Domingo de Silos, in Castile, a Benedictine abbey known for the study and preservation of Gregorian chant, is the compelling portrait Fray Javier singing the Psalms, (fig. 12). Gregorian chant, associated with singing the Psalms, developed mainly in the monasteries, with the golden age of composition dating from the fifth to eighth centuries.[7]
     On Christmas Eve 1996, Roseman drew from the wings of the stage Elisabeth Maurin in her acclaimed role as the dreamy, young Clara in The Nutcracker, the story of which takes place on Christmas Eve - albeit in the previous century. Elisabeth Maurin was promoted to the rank of étoile, or star dancer, in 1988 by Rudolf Nureyev in his tenure as Director of the Dance at the Paris Opéra.
     The Uffizi, Florence, conserves the drawing Elisabeth Maurin presented here, (fig. 7). In this sublime drawing, Roseman expresses with an economy of fluent, nuanced, pencil lines the youthfulness and innocence of Tchaikovsky's charming heroine and the grace and virtuosity of the celebrated star dancer.
     The acquisition by the Uffizi for its celebrated collection of master drawings includes a suite of Roseman's drawings from the Paris Opéra. The document of acquisition from the Ministry of Culture enumerates ''four drawings by Stanley Roseman inspired by the dance'' and states that the works ''will enrich the collection of the Gabinetto Disegni e Stampe degli Uffizi."
     From the wings of the stage of the Paris Opéra, Roseman created superb drawings of Yehudi Menuhin conducting Haydn's Le Miracle Symphony, Mozart's Piano Concerto No.23, and Bartók's Concerto for Orchestra, composed in New York.
     Roseman had drawn Montserrat Caballé in the Metropolitan Opera's first staged production of Verdi's I Vespri Siciliani in 1974. A drawing of Caballé in I Vespri Siciliani was included in Roseman's exhibition The Performing Arts in America. (See "Biography" Page 3.) In 1976, Roseman drew from the wings of the Metropolitan Opera stage Caballé in Bellini's Norma.
     Roseman was grateful to have the opportunity in 1993 to draw Caballé on the occasion of her sixtieth birthday and her recital at the Paris Opéra. Caballé sang arias by Handel, Gounod, and Rossini; by Spanish composers Chapí, Granados, Turina, and encores with arias by Verdi and Puccini. In the splendid drawing presented here, (fig. 9), Roseman's purity of fluent, nuanced lines express in pictorial terms the mellifluous voice of the great lyric soprano.
     The Bibliothèque Nationale de France praises Roseman for his paintings on the subject of the clown:[3]
     Acquiring four drawings on the dance, including the present sheet, for the Palais des Beaux-Arts, Lille, Barbara Brejon de Lavergnée, eminent Curator of the Museum's renowned collection of master drawings, praises Roseman's work as "superb'' and further writes in letter: "I love the drawings of the dancers, which have an astonishing spontaneity of action and refinement.''
     Menuhin writes in his autobiography of Bartók's interest in "the rhythms and tunes of that American-African-European synthesis which is jazz" and that the composer "incorporated some of what he heard into his Concerto for Orchestra.''[4] Menuhin, who commissioned the composer to write a sonata for solo violin, remained throughout his distinguished career a great advocate of Bartók's music.
    "Horowitz performed the piano concerto at his graduation from the Kiev Conservatory in 1919, and he made the world-premiere recording of the work in 1930, as well as in subsequent recordings. Horowitz's reprise of Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 3 at Carnegie Hall - some fifty years after the pianist's American debut there - generated excitement anew."
© Stanley Roseman
© Stanley Roseman
© Stanley Roseman
© Stanley Roseman
© Stanley Roseman
© Stanley Roseman
© Stanley Roseman
     In the impressive drawing of Menuhin, (fig. 10), Roseman places the figure high on the page in a bold use of pictorial space that gives one the impression of looking up at the conductor on a podium in front of the orchestra. Roseman's vigorous, sure strokes of the pencil express the energy and emotion of Menuhin conducting.
Drawing by Stanley Roseman, “Yehudi Menuhin conducting at the Paris Opéra,” 1993, pencil on paper, Collection Ronald Davis. © Stanley Roseman
Drawing by Stanley Roseman, “Montserrat Caballé in Concert at the Paris Opéra,” 1993, pencil on paper, Private collection. © Stanley Roseman
© Stanley Roseman
© Stanley Roseman
Portrait by Stanley Roseman, “Birgit Nilsson,’’ 1974, brush, bistre ink, and wash, Royal Academy of Music, Stockholm. © Stanley Roseman
"O give thanks to the Lord; for he is good: for his mercy endures for ever.''
- from Psalm 136, sung at Vespers